Contingency Hypotheses in Strategic Management Research: Use, Disuse, or Misuse?

Journal of Management, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 278-313, January 2012

38 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2012

See all articles by Brian K . Boyd

Brian K . Boyd

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Katalin Takacs Haynes

University of Delaware - Business Administration

Michael A. Hitt

Texas A&M University - Department of Management; Texas Christian University

Donald D. Bergh

University of Denver

David J. Ketchen Jr.

Auburn University

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

The answer to many strategic management research questions is often summarized as “It depends.” Faced with the marginal results of many main effect hypothesis tests of one variable on another variable, strategy researchers began developing contingency hypotheses that explored more nuanced relationships involving multiple variables. Herein, the authors examine the development of contingency thinking in strategic management via a review of all empirical articles published in Strategic Management Journal from its inception in 1980 through 2009. Using Venkatraman’s framework, they identify all contingency studies within this sample. Their analysis reveals that, while contingency hypotheses are becoming more common, there is less diversity in the way the effects are tested. Additionally, while the framing of contingency hypotheses has become more sophisticated over time, there remain many opportunities for methodological improvements. Based on this content analysis, the authors offer both theoretical and methodological guidelines for future strategic management studies.

Keywords: contingency theory, strategic management, research methods

Suggested Citation

Boyd, Brian K . and Haynes, Katalin Takacs and Hitt, Michael A. and Bergh, Donald D. and Ketchen, David J., Contingency Hypotheses in Strategic Management Research: Use, Disuse, or Misuse? (2011). Journal of Management, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 278-313, January 2012 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1994463

Brian K . Boyd (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Katalin Takacs Haynes

University of Delaware - Business Administration ( email )

214 MBNA America Hall
Orchard Road & Amstel Avenue
Newark, DE 19716-2710
United States

Michael A. Hitt

Texas A&M University - Department of Management ( email )

430 Wehner
College Station, TX 77843-4218
United States
979-458-3393 (Phone)

Texas Christian University ( email )

Fort Worth, TX 76129
United States

Donald D. Bergh

University of Denver ( email )

David J. Ketchen

Auburn University ( email )

Auburn, AL 36849
United States

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