Compliance with Global Environmental Policy
THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTIONS, LAW AND POLICY, Second Edition, pp. 163-180, R.S. Axelrod, J.D.L Down, N.J. Vig, eds., CQ Press, 2004
11 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2012
Date Written: January 31, 2012
In political science, legal and economic literature, there has been a lot of debate on how to achieve an optimal compliance especially with multi-lateral environmental treaties. This chapter attempts to present the literature indicating under what conditions compliance with global environmental policy can be achieved and which factors may endanger compliance. First, compliance is distinguished from other concepts such as implementation, effectiveness or enforcement. Next, sources of compliance and non-compliance are indicated. It is explained that sometimes the primary rules of a treaty regime may already induce either compliance or non-compliance. A lot of attention is paid to literature concerning the so-called "new sovereignty", promoting a more managerial approach towards environmental compliance. The Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer is considered as an example of such a managerial primary rule system and is hence discussed. Also, non-compliance response systems are discussed and it is shown how also the managerial approach can play a role in that respect.
Keywords: compliance, implementation, effectiveness, enforcement, multi-lateral environmental treaties, regime rules, reporting, information, Montreal Protocol, ozone layer, non-compliance
JEL Classification: K32, K33, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation