The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations (February 2012)

forthcoming in: Elias Carayannis and David Campbell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, New York: Springer.

17 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2012 Last revised: 12 Jun 2014

See all articles by Loet Leydesdorff

Loet Leydesdorff

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

Date Written: January 31, 2012

Abstract

Etzkowitz & Leydesdorff (2000) further elaborated the Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations (cf. Etzkowitz & Leydesdorff, 1995; Lowe, 1982) into a model for studying knowledge-based economies. A series of workshops, conferences, and special issues of journals have developed under this title since 1996. In various countries, the Triple Helix concept has also been used as an operational strategy for regional development and to further the knowledge-based economy. This short review (4000 words) provides an update (in January 2012) of the further elaborations of various Triple Helix models (such as a neo-institutional versus neo-evolutionary version). The surplus of using different models is specified in terms of research strategies. Using Triple Helix indicators, one can evaluate to what extent an innovation system is nationally, regionally, or technologically integrated.

Keywords: Triple Helix, innovation, evolutionary, system, Mode 2

Suggested Citation

Leydesdorff, Loet, The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations (February 2012) (January 31, 2012). forthcoming in: Elias Carayannis and David Campbell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, New York: Springer. . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1996760 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1996760

Loet Leydesdorff (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) ( email )

PO Box 15793
Amsterdam, 1001 NG
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.leydesdorff.net

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