Sovereign Risk, Fiscal Policy, and Macroeconomic Stability
56 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2012
Date Written: January 2012
This paper analyzes the impact of strained government finances on macroeconomic stability and the transmission of fiscal policy. Using a variant of the model by Curdia and Woodford (2009), we study a "sovereign risk channel" through which sovereign default risk raises funding costs in the private sector. If monetary policy is constrained, the sovereign risk channel exacerbates indeterminacy problems: private-sector beliefs of a weakening economy may become self-fulfilling. In addition, sovereign risk amplifies the effects of negative cyclical shocks. Under those conditions, fiscal retrenchment can help curtail the risk of macroeconomic instability and, in extreme cases, even stimulate economic activity.
Keywords: Zero Lower Bound, Risk Premium, Sovereign Risk, Sovereign Debt
JEL Classification: E32, E52, E62
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation