Veterans, Organizational Skill and Ethnic Cleansing: Evidence from the Partition of South Asia

Stanford Graduate School of Business Working Paper No. 2092

51 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2012 Last revised: 1 Oct 2013

See all articles by Saumitra Jha

Saumitra Jha

Stanford Graduate School of Business

Steven Wilkinson

Yale University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 16, 2012

Abstract

Can combat experience foster organizational skills that engender political collective action? We use the arbitrary assignment of troops to frontline combat in World War 2 to identify the effect of combat experience on two channels that change local ethnic composition and future political control: ethnic cleansing and co-ethnic immigration. During the Partition of South Asia in 1947, an environment where national borders were themselves endogenous to ethnic composition, we find that ethnically mixed districts whose veterans gained more combat experience exhibit greater co-ethnic immigration and ethnic cleansing. However, where ethnic groups had been in complementary economic roles or the minority received greater combat experience, there was relatively less minority ethnic cleansing. We interpret these results as reflecting the substitute roles of ethnic cleansing and co-ethnic immigration in altering local ethnic composition to gain political control and the role of combat experience in enhancing organizational skill that facilitates political collective action.

Keywords: Veterans, Organization, Public Goods, Endogenous Borders, Conflict, Genocide,Civil War, Partition, Post-conflict reconstruction, Ethnic cleansing, Institutional change

Suggested Citation

Jha, Saumitra and Wilkinson, Steven, Veterans, Organizational Skill and Ethnic Cleansing: Evidence from the Partition of South Asia (January 16, 2012). Stanford Graduate School of Business Working Paper No. 2092. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1998429 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1998429

Saumitra Jha (Contact Author)

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

Steven Wilkinson

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
40
Abstract Views
664
PlumX Metrics