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Vocational High School or Vocational College? Comparing the Transitions from School to Work

34 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2012  

Cristina Lopez-Mayan

Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona

Catia Nicodemo

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University of Oxford


Using a specific micro-dataset with information on working histories, we analyse the labour market entry of Spanish youths who have completed vocational education. According to the education system, young people can enter the labour market with vocational high school (upper secondary education) or with vocational college (tertiary education). Both present a period of workplace training, although, as they belong two distinct schooling levels, they have different entry requirements. Those who complete vocational college has spent more years in education and we would expect more success in finding a first job. Surprisingly, results do not confirm this hypothesis. We do not find important differences in the estimates of the determinants of transitions across types of vocational education. Apprenticeship has a very important role on increasing the hazard rate to employment and this result holds after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity and previous labour experience.

Keywords: duration models, vocational education, labour market entry, apprenticeship

JEL Classification: J13, J24, I20

Suggested Citation

Lopez-Mayan, Cristina and Nicodemo, Catia, Vocational High School or Vocational College? Comparing the Transitions from School to Work. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6309. Available at SSRN:

Cristina Lopez-Mayan (Contact Author)

Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona ( email )

Edifici B
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193

Catia Nicodemo

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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