Great Expectations and Hard Times - The (Non-Trivial) Impact of Education on Domestic Terrorism

49 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2012

See all articles by Sarah Brockhoff

Sarah Brockhoff

University of Freiburg - College of Economics and Behavioral Sciences

Tim Krieger

University of Freiburg - Department of Economics

Daniel Meierrieks

WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Date Written: February 5, 2012

Abstract

This contribution investigates the role of education in domestic terrorism for 133 countries between 1984 and 2007. The findings point at a nontrivial effect of education on terrorism. Lower education (primary education) tends to promote terrorism in a cluster of countries where the socioeconomic, political and demographic conditions are unfavorable, while higher education (university education) reduces terrorism in a cluster of countries where conditions are more favorable. This suggests that country-specific circumstances mediate the effect of education on the (opportunity) costs and benefits of terrorism. For instance, the prevalence of poor structural conditions in combination with advances in education may explain past and present waves of terrorism and political instability in the Middle East. The results of this study imply that promoting education needs to be accompanied by sound structural change so that it can positively interact with (individual and social) development, thereby reducing terrorism.

Keywords: terrorism, education, negative binomial regression, revolution, conflict resolution

JEL Classification: D74, I21, I25

Suggested Citation

Brockhoff, Sarah and Krieger, Tim and Meierrieks, Daniel, Great Expectations and Hard Times - The (Non-Trivial) Impact of Education on Domestic Terrorism (February 5, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1999550 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1999550

Sarah Brockhoff

University of Freiburg - College of Economics and Behavioral Sciences ( email )

Freiburg, D-79085
Germany

Tim Krieger (Contact Author)

University of Freiburg - Department of Economics ( email )

University of Freiburg
Wilhelmstr. 1b
Freiburg, D-79085
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.wguth.uni-freiburg.de

Daniel Meierrieks

WZB Berlin Social Science Center ( email )

Reichpietschufer
50
Berlin, D-10785
Germany

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