Ideology and the Iranian Revolution

39 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2012 Last revised: 28 May 2012

See all articles by Mehdi Shadmehr

Mehdi Shadmehr

University of Chicago Harris School; University of Calgary - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 27, 2012

Abstract

Some theories deny the role of ideology in the making of revolutions, while others grant it an indispensable role. I investigate the role of ideology in the Iranian Revolution by contrasting the two periods of the Pahlavi regime that witnessed popular uprising: the early 1960s and the late 1970s. While the former uprising fizzled, the latter led to the Iranian Revolution. Applying the comparative method, I show that structural and non-agency process factors underwent the same changes in both periods and hence fail to explain the variation in outcomes. I propose instead that the change in the opposition's ideology accounts for this variation. I show that Khomeini's doctrine of the Islamic state provided a new alternative to the status quo that changed the Islamic opposition's goal from reforming the existing state to creating a new, Islamic state.

Keywords: Ideology, Islamic Political Thought, Revolutions, Social Movements, Iranian Revolution, Khomeini, Islamic State, The Guardianship of the Jurist, Qualitative Methods, Comparative Method, Necessary and Sufficient Conditions

Suggested Citation

Shadmehr, Mehdi, Ideology and the Iranian Revolution (January 27, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1999826 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1999826

Mehdi Shadmehr (Contact Author)

University of Chicago Harris School ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

University of Calgary - Department of Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
2500 University Drive N.W.
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://moya.bus.miami.edu/~mshadmehr/index.html

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
313
rank
82,401
Abstract Views
1,771
PlumX Metrics
!

Under construction: SSRN citations will be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information