Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Represented Datasets

50 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2012

See all articles by Chris M. Herbst

Chris M. Herbst

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Erdal Tekin

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: January 1, 2012

Abstract

A complete account of the U.S. child care subsidy system requires an understanding of its implications for both parental and child well-being. Although the effects of child care subsidies on maternal employment and child development have been recently studied, many other dimensions of family well-being have received little attention. This paper attempts to fill this gap by examining the impact of child care subsidy receipt on maternal health and the quality of child-parent interactions. The empirical analyses use data from three nationally representative surveys, providing access to numerous measures of family well-being. In addition, we attempt to handle the possibility of nonrandom selection into subsidy receipt by using several identification strategies both within and across the surveys. Our results consistently indicate that child care subsidies are associated with worse maternal health and poorer interactions between parents and their children. In particular, subsidized mothers report lower levels of overall health and are more likely to show symptoms consistent with anxiety, depression, and parenting stress. Such mothers also reveal more psychological and physical aggression toward their children and are more likely to utilize spanking as a disciplinary tool. Together, these findings suggest that work-based public policies aimed at economically disadvantaged mothers may ultimately undermine family well-being.

Suggested Citation

Herbst, Chris M. and Tekin, Erdal, Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Represented Datasets (January 1, 2012). Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 12-01, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2000826 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2000826

Chris M. Herbst

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs ( email )

Box 870603
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

Erdal Tekin (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Andrew Young School of Policy Studies
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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