Motivating Employees to Work Beyond Retirement: A Multi‐Level Study of the Role of I‐Deals and Unit Climate

26 Pages Posted: 9 Feb 2012

See all articles by P. Matthijs Bal

P. Matthijs Bal

VU University Amsterdam

Simon B. De Jong

Universitaria EADA - EADA Business School

Paul Jansen

VU University Amsterdam

Arnold B. Bakker

University of Utrecht

Date Written: March 2012

Abstract

The present study investigates what role I‐deals (i.e. the idiosyncratic deals made between employees and their organization) play in the motivation of employees to continue working after retirement. We hypothesized two types of I‐deals (i.e. development and flexibility I‐deals) to be positively related to motivation to continue working. More specifically, we drew from continuity and personality theory to argue that the motivation to continue working is enhanced by I‐deals, because they fulfil people's needs for personalized work arrangements. Moreover, drawing from activity and disengagement theory it was hypothesized that two types of unit climate (i.e. accommodative and development climates) would moderate these relationships. Specifically, it was predicted that I‐deals would be positively related to motivation to continue working under conditions of low accommodative or high development climate. Results of a multi‐level study among 1083 employees in 24 units largely supported the above expectations; flexibility I‐deals related positively to motivation to continue working, and unit climate moderated the relation between development I‐deals and motivation to continue working.

Keywords: accommodative climate, development climate, development I‐deals, flexibility I‐deals, motivation to continue working, retirement

Suggested Citation

Bal, P. Matthijs and De Jong, Simon B. and Jansen, Paul and Bakker, Arnold B., Motivating Employees to Work Beyond Retirement: A Multi‐Level Study of the Role of I‐Deals and Unit Climate (March 2012). Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 49, Issue 2, pp. 306-331, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2001851 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2011.01026.x

P. Matthijs Bal (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam

Simon B. De Jong

Universitaria EADA - EADA Business School

CIF ESG08902645
C/ Aragó 204
Barcelona, CP 08011
Spain

Paul Jansen

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands

Arnold B. Bakker

University of Utrecht ( email )

Vredenburg 138
NL-3508 TC Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

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