Disaster Affected Environmental Refugees and Human Rights
12 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2012
Date Written: February 10, 2012
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) defines environmental refugees as 'those people who have been forced to leave their traditional habitat, temporarily or permanently, because of a marked environmental disruption (natural and/or triggered by people) that jeopardized their existence and or seriously affected the quality of their life.' Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an environmental refugee is a person displaced owing to environmental causes, notably land loss and degradation, and natural disaster.
Growing number of persons could not sustain livelihood from the motherland, owing to numerous environmental disasters. They could no longer gain a secured livelihood because of drought, soil erosion, desertification and other environmental disaster, coupled with pressures of population and poverty. They have to quit motherland and become environmental refugees. Environmental refugees could be even more than war affected persons.
Objective: 1. The objective of this article is to discuss the problem of rehabilitation & resettlement of disaster affected persons. 2. To discuss the legal and human rights status of Environmental Refugees under International Law. 3. To study the relevance of judicial protection available in India relating to rehabilitation of disaster affected person. 4. To make recommendations for protection of rights of Environmental Refugees.
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