Citizen Satisfaction with Democracy in the European Union*

18 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2012

See all articles by Sara B. Hobolt

Sara B. Hobolt

University of Oxford - Department of Politics and International Relations

Date Written: March 2012

Abstract

The debate about the democratic deficit of the European Union has preoccupied scholars for decades. This article examines democracy in the Union from the perspective of citizens by asking what determines satisfaction with EU democracy? Two key models of regime support are applied to the European Union: the output‐oriented performance model and the input‐oriented procedural model. Contrary to previous work, it is argued here that there is a positive spillover effect from confidence in national institutions to the European level. These propositions are tested using survey data from 27 EU Member States. Using multi‐level modelling, it is found that both performance and procedural factors matter, and that confidence in EU institutions matters more to citizens who are knowledgeable about the EU.

Suggested Citation

Hobolt, Sara B., Citizen Satisfaction with Democracy in the European Union* (March 2012). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 50, pp. 88-105, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2002521 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2011.02229.x

Sara B. Hobolt (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Department of Politics and International Relations ( email )

Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3UQ
United Kingdom

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