European Integration, Nationalism and European Identity

17 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2012

See all articles by Neil Fligstein

Neil Fligstein

University of California, Berkeley

ALINA POLYAKOVA

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Wayne Sandholtz

University of Southern California - School of International Relations; University of Southern California Gould School of Law

Date Written: March 2012

Abstract

Early theorists of European integration speculated that economic integration would lead to political integration and a European identity. A European identity has not displaced national identities in the EU, but, for a significant share of EU citizens, a European identity exists alongside a national identity. At the same time, political parties asserting more traditional nationalist identities and policies have directed their dissatisfaction against immigrants, foreigners and, sometimes, the EU. Those who participate in ‘Europe’ are more likely to develop a European identity, while those whose economic and social horizons are essentially local are more likely to assert nationalist identities. It is argued in this article that the issue of European and national identity plays a heightened role in European politics, particularly in the economic crisis of 2007–11. The resolution of that crisis, which may result in increased European political co‐operation, will have to take into account highly salient national identities that have so far resisted such co‐operation.

Suggested Citation

Fligstein, Neil and POLYAKOVA, ALINA and Sandholtz, Wayne, European Integration, Nationalism and European Identity (March 2012). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 50, pp. 106-122, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2002523 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2011.02230.x

Neil Fligstein (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley ( email )

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

ALINA POLYAKOVA

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Wayne Sandholtz

University of Southern California - School of International Relations ( email )

Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

University of Southern California Gould School of Law ( email )

Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

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