Social Divisions in School Participation and Attainment in India: 1983-2004

49 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2012

See all articles by M. Niaz Asadullah

M. Niaz Asadullah

University of Reading - Department of Economics; University of Malaya

Uma S. Kambhampati

University of Reading - Department of Economics

Florencia López Bóo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); Young Lives, Department of International Development, University of Oxford; IZA

Abstract

This study documents the size and nature of "Hindu-Muslim" and "boy-girl" gaps in children's school participation and attainments in India. Individual-level data from two successive rounds of the National Sample Survey suggest that considerable progress has been made in decreasing the Hindu-Muslim gap. Nonetheless, the gap remains sizable even after controlling for numerous socio-economic and parental covariates, and the Muslim educational disadvantage in India today is greater than that experienced by girls and Scheduled Caste Hindu children. A gender gap still appears within as well as between communities, though it is smaller within Muslim communities. While differences in gender and other demographic and socio-economic covariates have recently become more important in explaining the Hindu-Muslim gap, those differences altogether explain only 25 percent to 45 percent of the observed schooling gap.

Keywords: gender inequality, India, religion, social disparity

JEL Classification: I21, O15

Suggested Citation

Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz and Kambhampati, Uma S. and López Bóo, Florencia, Social Divisions in School Participation and Attainment in India: 1983-2004. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6329, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2003662

Mohammad Niaz Asadullah (Contact Author)

University of Reading - Department of Economics ( email )

Reading, RG6 6AA
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.reading.ac.uk/economics/about/staff/m-asadullah.asp

University of Malaya ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan
Malaysia

Uma S. Kambhampati

University of Reading - Department of Economics ( email )

Reading, RG6 6AA
United Kingdom
+118 987 5123 (Phone)
+011 897 5236 (Fax)

Florencia López Bóo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Young Lives, Department of International Development, University of Oxford ( email )

Queen Elizabeth House
3 Mansfield Road
Oxford, OX1 3TB
United Kingdom

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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