Completing the Technology Transfer Process: M&As of Science-Based IPOs
29 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2012
Date Written: January 14, 2012
This paper investigates the valuation and M&A dynamics of the population of 254 biotech firms that went public in Europe over the last two decades. Among these, we identify a high proportion (40%) of firms affiliated with a university or another public research organization. After controlling for intellectual capital and other possible determinants, we find that affiliation with a university is recognized as beneficial by investors. This affiliation enhances the valuation of the firms and the probability of being targeted in subsequent M&As, particularly in cross-border deals. We conclude that post-IPO acquisitions by incumbent firms are mechanisms to finalize the technology transfer process started in a research institute. Our findings allow us to derive implications for venture investors, academic entrepreneurs, university managers, and policymakers.
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