Shareholder Rights: Citizens United and Delaware Corporate Governance Law

39 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2012 Last revised: 28 Sep 2021

See all articles by Paul S. Miller

Paul S. Miller

Loyola University School of Law

Date Written: February 14, 2012


This paper examines Citizens United in light of Delaware Corporate Governance Law. One aspect of that case, and the campaign finance cases generally, is the association rights of shareholders. That is, the ability of shareholders to prevent corporate funds (that they are the owners of) to further political goals they do not support. The Citizens United decision says that "corporate democracy" allows shareholders to protect themselves. Therefore, protecting shareholder rights is not a compelling interest that justifies state action.

I theorize that shareholder association rights cannot be protected adequately under current Delaware corporate law. If this is true, then it presents alternate grounds for limiting a corporation's political activities distinct from the speech equalization arguments put forward by opponents of such limits.

Keywords: Corporate Law, Constitutional Law, Corporate Governance, First Amendment, Political Speech, Association Rights

Suggested Citation

Miller, Paul Sanford, Shareholder Rights: Citizens United and Delaware Corporate Governance Law (February 14, 2012). 28 Journal of Law and Politics 51 (2012), DePaul Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-11, Loyola University New Orleans College of Law Research Paper, Available at SSRN: or

Paul Sanford Miller (Contact Author)

Loyola University School of Law ( email )

7214 St. Charles Ave., Box 901
Campus Box 901
New Orleans, LA 70118
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics