Measuring the Indirect Costs and Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Options: Methodology and a Case Study from Hungary

FEEM Working Paper No. 78-99

19 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2000

See all articles by Alistair Hunt

Alistair Hunt

University of Bath - Department of Economics

Pamela Mason

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3); University of Bath

Date Written: November 1999

Abstract

This paper considers the problem of how a government, having decided to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, identifies the policy or mix of policies that achieves this reduction at the lowest possible net economic cost. This involves accounting for the fact that each potential policy for reducing GHGs has a different financial cost, and implies a different set of direct and indirect costs and benefits, each of which must be weighted according to the government's particular priorities. This paper reports on work that extends the existing analysis of the costs and benefits implied by different mitigation policies to include employment and income distribution effects, reduced air pollution and the achievement of environmental and economic sustainability. We outline an approach for compiling these elements into selection criteria that will help policymakers identify the lowest-cost mitigation policies. We present an application of the methodology to a prospective energy-saving project in Hungary. We argue that this methodology, although by no means precise at this stage, provides a useful decision-making tool.

JEL Classification: H40, Q28, Q48

Suggested Citation

Hunt, Alistair S. P. and Mason, Pamela and Markandya, Anil, Measuring the Indirect Costs and Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Options: Methodology and a Case Study from Hungary (November 1999). FEEM Working Paper No. 78-99. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=200580 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.200580

Alistair S. P. Hunt (Contact Author)

University of Bath - Department of Economics ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom
+44 (0) 1225+826826 (Phone)
+44 (0) 1225+826381 (Fax)

Pamela Mason

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3)

Gran Vía 35-2
Bilbao, Vizcaya 48009
Spain

University of Bath ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom

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