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What is Frugal, What is Innovation? Towards a Theory of Frugal Innovation

Yasser Ahmad Bhatti

Imperial College London

February 1, 2012

Innovation in emerging markets offers fertile ground for theory development. In recognition of the growing trend in “frugal innovation” discourse among practitioners particularly in emerging economies, we parse “frugal innovation” into "frugal" and "innovation" separately and present the underlying meanings towards understanding "frugal innovation" in historical and contemporary contexts. We further develop a theoretical model of frugal innovation by applying existing theories to emerging market contexts. We do so by merging technology innovation, institutional innovation, and social innovation literatures to argue that frugal innovation lies at the intersections of these streams. We show how using the model to understand what the space currently looks like may help to offer a consolidated and encompassing theory of frugal innovation and aid in opening a research agenda.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 45

Keywords: Frugal innovation, emerging market, resource constraints, affordability, institutional voids, theory

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Date posted: February 17, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Bhatti, Yasser Ahmad, What is Frugal, What is Innovation? Towards a Theory of Frugal Innovation (February 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2005910 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2005910

Contact Information

Yasser Ahmad Bhatti (Contact Author)
Imperial College London ( email )
South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London, Greater London SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom
HOME PAGE: http://www.frugal-innovation.com/about
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