A Dynamic Model of Interactions between Conscious and Unconscious

32 Pages Posted: 17 Feb 2012

See all articles by Aïleen Lotz

Aïleen Lotz

Cerca Trova, Grenoble, France

Pierre Gosselin

Institut Fourier, UMR 5582 CNRS-UJF, Université Grenoble I, BP 74, 38402 St Martin d’Hères, France

Date Written: February 15, 2012

Abstract

This paper advocates that some limits of the rational agent hypothesis result from the improper assumption that one individual should be modeled as a single rational agent. We model an individual composed of two autonomous and interacting structures, conscious and unconscious. Each agent utility form depends both on external signals and other structures' actions. The perception of the signal depends on its recipient and its grid of interpretation. We study both the static and dynamic version of this interaction mechanism. We show that the dynamics may display instability, depending on the structures interactions' strength. However, if unconscious has a strategic advantage, greater stability is reached. By manipulating other structures' goals, the strategic agent can lead the whole system to an equilibrium closer to its own optimum. This result shows that some switch in the conscious' objective can appear. Behaviors that can't be explained with a single utility can thus be rational if we add a rational unconscious agent. Our results justify our hypothesis of a rational interacting unconscious. It supports the widening of the notion of rationality to multi-rationnality in interaction.

Keywords: dual agent, conscious and unconscious, rationality, multi-rationality, emotions, choices and preferences, multi-agent model, consistency

JEL Classification: B41,D01, D81, D82

Suggested Citation

Lotz, Aïleen and Gosselin, Pierre, A Dynamic Model of Interactions between Conscious and Unconscious (February 15, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2006085 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2006085

Aïleen Lotz (Contact Author)

Cerca Trova, Grenoble, France ( email )

Grenoble
France

Pierre Gosselin

Institut Fourier, UMR 5582 CNRS-UJF, Université Grenoble I, BP 74, 38402 St Martin d’Hères, France ( email )

BP 74
St Martin d'Hères, 38402
France

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
121
Abstract Views
1,195
rank
230,160
PlumX Metrics