Values and Attitudes Towards Innovation Among Canadian, Chinese and Russian Students

31 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2012 Last revised: 13 Jun 2012

See all articles by Nadezhda Lebedeva

Nadezhda Lebedeva

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Peter Schmidt

University of Giessen; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: February 20, 2012

Abstract

This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and –°hina. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There were significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and innovative attitudes among the Canadian, Russian, and Chinese college students. As hypothesized, across the full set of participants, if higher priority was given to Opennes to change values (self-direction, stimulation) this was related to positive attitudes toward innovation whereas higher priority given to Conservation values (conformity, security) was related negatively to attitude toward innovation. This result is compatible with the findings reported by other researchers (Shane, 1992, 1995; Dollinger, Burke & Gump, 2007). There were, however, culture-specific variations in some of these associations, which may be explained by cultural differences in value priorities or meanings and in implicit theories of creativity and innovation. Applying the Multiple-Group Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes Model (MGMIMIC) (Muthen 1989) we have found that the type of mediation between sociodemographic factors and Innovation is different in the three countries. Whereas in Russia and Canada the effects of gender and age are fully mediated by the values, this is not true for China, where a direct effect of gender on innovation was found. The cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovation,

Keywords: culture, values, innovation, gender, age, attitudes, cross-cultural comparison, Multiple Group MIMIC Model

JEL Classification: A13

Suggested Citation

Lebedeva, Nadezhda and Schmidt, Peter, Values and Attitudes Towards Innovation Among Canadian, Chinese and Russian Students (February 20, 2012). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 04/SOC/2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2008139 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2008139

Nadezhda Lebedeva (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Peter Schmidt

University of Giessen ( email )

Betriebswirtschaftslehre VII
Giessen, WY 35394
Germany

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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