Does it Matter Who Responded to the Survey? Trends in the U.S. Gender Earnings Gap Revisited

Posted: 20 Feb 2012

See all articles by Jungmin Lee

Jungmin Lee

Seoul National University

Sokbae Lee

Seoul National University

Date Written: February 20, 2012

Abstract

Studies have shown a decreasing trend in the U.S. gender earnings gap since the 1980s. The authors work with a framework established by Blau and Kahn (1997 JOLE; 2006 ILRR), who used the Michigan Panel of Income Dynamics (PSID) to decompose that gap into observable and unobservable components in order to determine which contributing factors are gender-specific and which can be attributed to the wage structure. They extend the Blau and Kahn framework to consider measurement error due to the use of proxy/representative respondents of the survey’s earnings variable. First, they find a trend toward more females in the gender composition of the household respondents,and second, they estimate the impact of that change on Blau and Kahn’s decomposition. They determine that some of the changes in the gender earnings gap could actually be attributed to whether the surveys were self- or proxy-responded. That is, the actual reduction in the gender pay gap may be smaller than what the estimates — without taking into account the measurement error — might indicate. The authors suggest the need for a careful validation study to ascertain the extent of the spurious measurement error effects.

Keywords: gender earnings gap, proxy response, measurement error

JEL Classification: J3, J16

Suggested Citation

Lee, Jungmin and Lee, Sokbae, Does it Matter Who Responded to the Survey? Trends in the U.S. Gender Earnings Gap Revisited (February 20, 2012). Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2008348

Jungmin Lee (Contact Author)

Seoul National University ( email )

Kwanak-gu
Seoul, 151-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Sokbae Lee

Seoul National University ( email )

Kwanak-gu
Seoul, 151-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
367
PlumX Metrics