Persistent Impact of Natural Disasters on Child Nutrition and Schooling: Evidence from the 1999 Colombian Earthquake

47 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2012

See all articles by Monserrat Bustelo

Monserrat Bustelo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Mary Arends-Kuenning

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Leonardo Lucchetti

World Bank

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of the 1999 Colombian Earthquake on child nutrition and schooling. The identification strategy combines household survey data with event data on the timing and location of the earthquake, exploiting the exogenous exposure of children to the shock. The paper uniquely identifies both the short- and medium-term impacts of the earthquake, combining two cross-sectional household surveys collected before the earthquake and two cross-sectional household surveys collected one and six years after the earthquake. Colombia provides a unique setting for our study because the government launched a very successful reconstruction program after the earthquake. Findings report a strong negative impact of the earthquake on child nutrition and schooling in the short-term. Relevantly, amid the aid received by the affected area, the negative consequences of the earthquake persist with a lesser degree in the medium-term, particularly for boys.

Keywords: child nutrition, child schooling, natural disaster, earthquake, Colombia

JEL Classification: J22, I25, Q54

Suggested Citation

Bustelo, Monserrat and Arends-Kuenning, Mary and Lucchetti, Leonardo, Persistent Impact of Natural Disasters on Child Nutrition and Schooling: Evidence from the 1999 Colombian Earthquake. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6354, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2010949

Monserrat Bustelo (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Mary Arends-Kuenning

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
1301 W Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Leonardo Lucchetti

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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