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Fossil Fuels - At What Cost? Government Support for Upstream Oil and Gas Activities in Russia

122 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2012  

Ivetta Gerasimchuk

International Institute for Sustainable Development

Date Written: February 20, 2012


The report represents the first inventory of subsidies to upstream oil and gas activities in Russia according to an international methodology developed by the Global Subsidies Initiative of the International Institute for Sustainable Development. At the federal level, the paper identifies 30 such subsidy schemes in 2009 and 2010; and quantifies the value of 17 of these, amounting in 2009 to US$ 8.1 billion and in 2010 to US$ 14.4 billion. The report also considers possible future trends in oil and gas subsidies in Russia. The report concludes with a discussion of economic and environmental outcomes of the existing subsidies against their policy objectives.

The study aims to increase transparency of government subsidies to fossil fuels in Russia and provide a basis for an informed debate about opportunities to “rationalize and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption” in accordance with the commitments Russia has undertaken as a member of G-20 and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and in view of the country’s accession to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

The report is addressed to responsible agencies in the Russian government, academia, business and civil society organizations, and international stakeholders.

Keywords: energy, subsidies, producer support, royalties, tax expenditures, Russia, G-20, APEC

JEL Classification: E62, E63, Q2, Q4, H10, O10, P20

Suggested Citation

Gerasimchuk, Ivetta, Fossil Fuels - At What Cost? Government Support for Upstream Oil and Gas Activities in Russia (February 20, 2012). Available at SSRN: or

Ivetta Gerasimchuk (Contact Author)

International Institute for Sustainable Development ( email )

161 Portage Avenue East, 6th Floor
Manitoba, R3B 0Y4, Manitoba
United States


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