Fossil Fuels - At What Cost? Government Support for Upstream Oil and Gas Activities in Russia
International Institute for Sustainable Development
February 20, 2012
The report represents the first inventory of subsidies to upstream oil and gas activities in Russia according to an international methodology developed by the Global Subsidies Initiative of the International Institute for Sustainable Development. At the federal level, the paper identifies 30 such subsidy schemes in 2009 and 2010; and quantifies the value of 17 of these, amounting in 2009 to US$ 8.1 billion and in 2010 to US$ 14.4 billion. The report also considers possible future trends in oil and gas subsidies in Russia. The report concludes with a discussion of economic and environmental outcomes of the existing subsidies against their policy objectives.
The study aims to increase transparency of government subsidies to fossil fuels in Russia and provide a basis for an informed debate about opportunities to “rationalize and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption” in accordance with the commitments Russia has undertaken as a member of G-20 and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and in view of the country’s accession to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The report is addressed to responsible agencies in the Russian government, academia, business and civil society organizations, and international stakeholders.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 122
Keywords: energy, subsidies, producer support, royalties, tax expenditures, Russia, G-20, APEC
JEL Classification: E62, E63, Q2, Q4, H10, O10, P20
Date posted: February 28, 2012