Place of Residence and Health: Empirical Evidence from Italy

Posted: 29 Feb 2012

See all articles by Vincenzo Carrieri

Vincenzo Carrieri

Università degli Studi della Calabria - Department of Economics and Statistics

Marcel Bilger

Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore

Date Written: December 1, 2011

Abstract

In recent years, economic research on the socio-economic determinants of health has significantly grown given the importance of health for individual wellbeing. Most of the work up to now has focused on the effects of individual socio-economic conditions, whereas, more recently, the view that even socio-economic characteristics of the place in which individual live can influence health status autonomously is gaining consensus. This paper is one of the first empirical attempts at estimating the effect of the place of residence on health status in Italy. The paper shows that alongside the strong effect of individual socio-economic conditions, bad social and environmental contextual conditions have a negative effect both on objective and subjective measures of health. The paper also shows a great regional heterogeneity of such effects that are particularly strong in central-northern regions. Lastly, we find an important negative contextual effect for women and individuals with low socio-economic status. All these results suggest complementing the traditional social policies which are focused on the individual with policies aimed at improving social, environmental and economic conditions of disadvantaged areas, with potential health benefits to the communities which reside in them.

Keywords: context, health, place of residence, socio-economic disadvantage

JEL Classification: I10, I30, R23

Suggested Citation

Carrieri, Vincenzo and Bilger, Marcel, Place of Residence and Health: Empirical Evidence from Italy (December 1, 2011). Rivista Italiana degli Economisti, Vol. 3, December 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2012204

Vincenzo Carrieri (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi della Calabria - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

via Ponte Bucci
Arcavacata di Rende, Cosenza 87036
Italy

Marcel Bilger

Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore ( email )

Singapore
Singapore

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