The Social Layer of Freedom of Information Law
David S. Levine
Elon University School of Law; Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University; Stanford University - Center for Internet and Society
February 29, 2012
North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 90, p. 101, 2012
It is now received wisdom that a properly functioning democracy requires transparency and accountability — information shared with the public that allows the public to know what its government is doing. It is equally uncontroversial to say that social media allows for an unprecedented amount of informal but structured dissemination and analysis of information. Despite these two basic points, U.S. freedom of information law has failed to harness the power of these new social media networks and, more importantly, formats in a way that amplifies public knowledge of government information. Because of that harsh reality, a modern transparent democracy is impeded.
This Article argues that, from a theoretical perspective, governments should reorient their thinking about social media to focus on its indirect value as an information formatting construct rather than as purely a direct tool for distributing information. Once social media’s impact on freedom of information is properly understood, it follows that governments should provide information in structured and useful formats that are socially optimized to best meet the public’s analytical needs so that the social layer of government information can flourish. From a practical perspective and to meet this theoretical imperative, FOIA can be modestly amended to allow for the public’s development and exploitation of the social layer of government information.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 42
Keywords: freedom of information, social media, transparency, accountability, FOIA, bailout
Date posted: March 1, 2012 ; Last revised: August 27, 2014