Verti-Zontal Differentiation in Monopolistic Competition
50 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2012
Date Written: October 1, 2011
The recent availability of trade data at a firm-product-country level calls for a new generation of models able to exploit the large variability detected across observations. By developing a model of monopolistic competition in which varieties enter preferences non-symmetrically, we show how consumer taste heterogeneity interacts with quality and cost heterogeneity to generate a new set of predictions. Applying our model to a unique micro-level dataset on Belgian exporters with product and destination market information, we find that heterogeneity in consumer tastes is the missing ingredient of existing monopolistic competition models necessary to account for observed data patterns.
Keywords: Heterogeneous ﬁrms, Product, Differentiation, Monopolistic Competition, Nonsymmetric varieties
JEL Classification: D43, F12, F14, L16
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