Moroccans' Assimilation in Spain: Family-Based versus Labor-Based Migration

34 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2012

See all articles by Núria Rodríguez-Planas

Núria Rodríguez-Planas

City University New York (CUNY), Queens College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Raquel Vegas

FEDEA

Abstract

An important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: the host country's immigration policy regime endogeneity, and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus in a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into a country: Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that, even when focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival, family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both at arrival and ten years later. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.

Keywords: Southern and Eastern Mediterranean men and women, legal and employment assimilation

JEL Classification: J15, J24, J61, J62

Suggested Citation

Rodriguez-Planas, Nuria and Vegas, Raquel, Moroccans' Assimilation in Spain: Family-Based versus Labor-Based Migration. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6368, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2015184

Nuria Rodriguez-Planas (Contact Author)

City University New York (CUNY), Queens College ( email )

65-30 Kissena Blvd
Flushing, NY 11367-1597
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/nuriarodriguezplanas/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Raquel Vegas

FEDEA ( email )

Jorge Juan 46
Madrid, 28001
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.fedea.es/

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