Labor Market Assimilation and the Self-Employment Decision of Immigrant Entrepreneurs
52 Pages Posted: 29 Feb 2000
Date Written: November 1999
This paper uses data from the 1980 and 1990 U.S. Censuses to study labor market assimilation of self-employed immigrants. Separate earnings functions for the self-employed and wage/salary workers are estimated. To control for endogenous sorting into the sectors, models of the self-employment decision are estimated. Self-employed immigrants are found to do substantially better in the labor market than wage/salary immigrants. Earnings of self-employed immigrants are predicted to converge with natives' wage/salary earnings at about age 30 and natives' self-employed earnings at about age 40. Including the self-employed in the sample reduces the immigrant-native earnings gap by, on average, 14 percent.
JEL Classification: J15, J23, J61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation