Economic Downturn and Financing Innovative Startup Companies

27 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2012

See all articles by Yongwook Paik

Yongwook Paik

KAIST College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

Heejin Woo

California State University Fullerton

Date Written: March 9, 2012

Abstract

This study examines how fluctuations in the amount of capital flowing into venture funds affect the financing of innovative startup companies and how economic downturns affect such financing. We argue that the nature of the economic downturn can cause differential effects on the investment pattern. We find that venture capital firms invest more in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies when the amount of capital flowing into the market increases. We also find that venture capital firms invest less in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies during an economic downturn associated with the real sector and that they invest more in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies during an economic downturn associated with the financial sector. This study contributes to the entrepreneurship literature by demonstrating how macroeconomic factors affect venture capital investment decisions. The study also delineates the implications of seeking market entry via venture capital financing by entrepreneurial companies.

Keywords: Venture Capital, Entrepreneurial Finance, Fundraising, Innovative Startup Companies, Economic Downturn, Recession, Business Cycle

JEL Classification: M13, G24, E32

Suggested Citation

Paik, Yongwook and Woo, Heejin, Economic Downturn and Financing Innovative Startup Companies (March 9, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2018744 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2018744

Yongwook Paik (Contact Author)

KAIST College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) ( email )

85 Hoegiro, Supex Building Room 482
Seoul, 02455
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Heejin Woo

California State University Fullerton ( email )

United States

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