Clustering the Winners: The French Policy of Competitiveness Clusters

34 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2012

See all articles by Lionel Fontagne

Lionel Fontagne

University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne; Paris School of Economics; CEPII

Florian Mayneris

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE)

Pamina Koenig

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Sandra Poncet

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne; Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII)

Date Written: September 15, 2010

Abstract

In 2005 the French government launched a policy of competitiveness clusters, giving subsidies for innovative projects managed locally and collectively by firms, research centers and universities. This paper proposes an ex-ante analysis of the outcome of the selection process that took place before the implementation of the subsidies program, in order to assess whether the policy ended up in choosing winners or losers. We first ask how the clusters have been selected, and then focus on the selection of firms within the clusters, using export and productivity as a measure of performance. Our main conclusion is that public authorities have chosen the winners during the two-step selection procedure. Export premium, beyond what individual characteristics would predict, is however most visible within the category of clusters having no international ambition, where heterogeneity among firms is the largest.

Keywords: clusters, international trade, firm selection

JEL Classification: F1, F14

Suggested Citation

Fontagne, Lionel and Mayneris, Florian and Koenig, Pamina and Poncet, Sandra, Clustering the Winners: The French Policy of Competitiveness Clusters (September 15, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2018767 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2018767

Lionel Fontagne

University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne ( email )

Maison des Sciences Economiques
106-112 Bd de l'Hôpital
Paris, 75013
France
+33 1 44 07 89 94 (Phone)
+33 1 53 68 55 01 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Paris School of Economics ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
+33 1 44 07 89 94 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

CEPII ( email )

9 Rue Georges Pitard
Paris, 75015
France
+33 1 53 68 55 06 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Florian Mayneris (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) ( email )

34 Voie du Roman Pays
B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, b-1348
Belgium

Pamina Koenig

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

Sandra Poncet

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )

12, place du Panthéon
Paris, IL
France

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII) ( email )

9 Rue Georges Pitard
Paris Cedex 15, F-75015
France

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