What Do Unions in China Do? Provincial-Level Evidence on Wages, Employment, Productivity, and Economic Output
38 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2012 Last revised: 5 Mar 2014
Date Written: January 1, 2014
Utilizing provincial-level data from the period of 1994-2008, this paper studies the relationship between union density and wages, employment, productivity, and economic output in China. The findings indicate that union density does not affect average wage levels, but is positively associated with aggregate productivity and output. We discuss if and to what extent these findings are consistent with the familiar two faces of unions model and alternative explanations relevant in the context of Chinese labor and union institutions.
Keywords: Labor unions, China, collective voice
JEL Classification: J3, J5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation