Creating Mixed-Income Neighborhoods Unintentionally: Public Housing Residualization and Socioeconomic Segregation in Hong Kong

39 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2012

See all articles by Paavo Monkkonen

Paavo Monkkonen

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

Xiaohu Zhang

The University of Hong Kong

Date Written: November 11, 2011

Abstract

Public housing affects the segregation of ethnic and socioeconomic groups in different ways in different cities, depending on the residents and its location. This paper analyzes how Hong Kong’s public housing system affects segregation by income using a combination of methods, including indexes that explicitly account for space and the ordinal nature of income data. Findings document show that public housing unintentionally reduces the city’s spatial segregation, though the effect varies across space and income groups. The spatial distance between low-income and middle-income households is reduced, creating mixed-income neighborhoods but also increasing the segregation of high-income households.

Keywords: Segregation, public housing, social mix, Hong Kong

JEL Classification: R10, R20

Suggested Citation

Monkkonen, Paavo and Zhang, Xiaohu, Creating Mixed-Income Neighborhoods Unintentionally: Public Housing Residualization and Socioeconomic Segregation in Hong Kong (November 11, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2021662 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2021662

Paavo Monkkonen (Contact Author)

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) ( email )

405 Hilgard Avenue
Box 951361
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States

Xiaohu Zhang

The University of Hong Kong

Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong, Pokfulam HK
China

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