How Do Banks React to Increased Asset Risks? Evidence from Hurricane Katrina
AEA 2012 Annual Meeting Papers
43 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2012 Last revised: 18 Apr 2012
Date Written: March 1, 2012
The instability of banks during the recent financial crisis underlines the importance of understanding how banks determine their capital ratios. This paper conducts the first empirical assessment on how banks adjust their capital ratios following an exogenous shock to their asset risks. The existing literature, which uses non-experimental identification, faces the difficulty that banks typically determine capital ratios and asset risks simultaneously. Using Hurricane Katrina as a natural experiment, we find that banks in the disaster areas increase their risk-based capital ratios after the hurricane. This finding shows that banks act precautious by themselves irrespective of regulatory requirements. However, when we examine low-capitalized and high-capitalized banks separately, we find that results are driven by high-capitalized banks. In addition, high-capitalized banks increase their risk-based capital ratios by decreasing loans and not by increasing capital.
Keywords: financial crisis, capital requirements, natural experiment
JEL Classification: G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation