Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans

Robin Kundis Craig

University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law

May 19, 2012

Diversity 2012, 4, 224-238

Governance of marine biodiversity has long suffered from lack of adequate information about the ocean’s many species and ecosystems. Nevertheless, even as we are learning much more about the ocean’s biodiversity and the impacts to it from stressors such as overfishing, habitat destruction, and marine pollution, climate change is imposing new threats and exacerbating existing threats to marine species and ecosystems. Coastal nations could vastly improve their fragmented approaches to ocean governance in order to increase the protections for marine biodiversity in the climate change era. Specifically, three key governance improvements would include: (1) incorporation of marine spatial planning as a key organizing principle of marine governance; (2) working to increase the resilience of marine ecosystems be reducing or eliminating existing stressors on those ecosystems; and (3) anticipation of climate change’s future impacts on marine biodiversity through the use of anticipatory zoning and more precautionary regulation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 15

Keywords: ocean governance, biodiversity, marine spatial planning, MSP, climate change, adaptation

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Date posted: March 15, 2012 ; Last revised: February 3, 2013

Suggested Citation

Craig, Robin Kundis, Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans (May 19, 2012). Diversity 2012, 4, 224-238. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2022252

Contact Information

Robin Kundis Craig (Contact Author)
University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )
383 South University St.
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0730
United States
801-585-5228 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://https://faculty.utah.edu/u0793211-ROBIN_KUNDIS_CRAIG/biography/index.hml

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