Demand for Crash Insurance, Intermediary Constraints, and Risk Premia in Financial Markets
68 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2012 Last revised: 24 Mar 2019
Date Written: January 19, 2016
We propose a new measure of financial intermediary constraints based on how the intermediaries manage their tail risk exposures. Using a unique dataset for the trading activities in the market of deep out-of-the-money S&P 500 put options, we identify periods when the variations in the net amount of trading between financial intermediaries and public investors are likely to be mainly driven by shocks to intermediary constraints. We then infer tightness of intermediary constraints from the quantities of option trading during such periods. We show that a tightening of intermediary constraint according to our measure is associated with increasing option expensiveness, higher risk premia for a wide range of financial assets, deterioration in funding liquidity, and deleveraging of broker-dealers.
Keywords: Intermediary constraint, tail risk, SPX option, return predictability, supply shocks, leverage
JEL Classification: E44, G12, G13, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation