Maturity Rationing and Collective Short-Termism
50 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2012 Last revised: 10 Dec 2015
Date Written: March 18, 2014
Financing terms and investment decisions are jointly determined. This interdependence, which links firms’ asset and liability sides, can lead to short-termism in investment. In our model, financing frictions increase with the investment horizon, such that financing for long-term projects is relatively expensive and potentially rationed. In response, firms whose first-best investments are long-term may adopt second-best projects of shorter maturities. This worsens financing terms for firms with shorter maturity projects, inducing them to change their investments as well. In equilibrium, investment is inefficiently short-term. Equilibrium asset-side adjustments by firms can amplify shocks and, while privately optimal, can be socially undesirable.
Keywords: short-termism, asset maturity, credit rationing, asymmetric information, cross-firm externality
JEL Classification: G11, G30, G31, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation