The Role of Technological Synergy in Mergers and Acquisitions
38 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2012
Date Written: October 25, 2011
While there is a large finance literature on the importance of synergy in mergers,there have been relatively few empirical studies that identify the specific sources of synergy and estimate their magnitudes. In this study, we concentrate on the value of synergy from combining two companies with complementary technologies. We identify several dimensions of technological synergy between acquirers and targets constructed from their patent portfolios data. Based on 2,626 horizontal acquisitions from 1977 to 2004, we find technological synergy is a positive determinant of merger premium. It also has a positive effect on the expected total synergy gain to the acquirers and target shareholders. The effect of technological synergy on total synergy gain is stronger if the acquirer and target are in less-competitive industries and if the target is under financial constraint. We verify our measures of technological synergy could capture acquirer’s expected technological synergy, i.e., increase in subsequent R&D investment, and realized technological synergy in increase in the number of patents in the post acquisition period.
Keywords: Technological Synergy, Mergers and Acquisitions
JEL Classification: G24
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