A Fantastic Rain of Gold: European Migrants’ Remittances and Balance of Payments Adjustment During the Gold Standard Period
The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 69, pp. 951-985, 2009
36 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2012
Date Written: 2009
While the pre-1914 mass migrations have been widely studied, the related pattern of emigrants’ remittances is still largely untouched. This paper aims at filling this gap by analyzing the contribution of remittances to financial stability. In the optimum currency area theory labor mobility can ease the adjustment mechanism for countries under fixed exchange rate regimes. We confirm this claim by showing that emigrants’ remittances reduced the incidence of financial disturbances among a sample of emerging economies characterized by substantial emigration. This result underscores the benefits for emerging economies from opening up to international factor flows, despite the associated financial turbulence.
Keywords: International Migration, Remittances, Gold Standard, International Adjustment
JEL Classification: F24, F32, N13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation