Estimating the Relationship between Alcohol Policies and Criminal Violence and Victimization

39 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2012 Last revised: 17 Jun 2016

See all articles by Sara Markowitz

Sara Markowitz

Emory University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Erik Nesson

Ball State University - Department of Economics

Eileen Poe-Yamagata

IMPAQ International LLC

Curtis Florence

Government of the United States of America - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics

Tracy Andrews

IMPAQ International LLC

Sarah Beth Barnett

Government of the United States of America - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

Date Written: March 2012

Abstract

Violence is one of the leading social problems in the United States. The development of appropriate public policies to curtail violence is confounded by the relationship between alcohol and violence. In this paper, we estimate the propensity of alcohol control policies to reduce the perpetration and victimization of criminal violence. We measure violence with data on individual level victimizations from the U.S. National Crime Victimization Survey. We examine the effects of a number of different alcohol control policies in reducing violent crime. These policies include the retail price of beer, drunk driving laws and penalties, keg laws, and serving and selling laws. We find some evidence of a negative relationship between alcohol prices and the probability of alcohol or drug related assault victimizations. However, we find no strong evidence that other alcohol policies are effective in reducing violent crimes. These results provide policy makers with guidance on potential approaches for reducing violence through alcohol beverage control.

Suggested Citation

Markowitz, Sara and Nesson, Erik and Poe-Yamagata, Eileen and Florence, Curtis and Deb, Partha and Andrews, Tracy and Barnett, Sarah Beth, Estimating the Relationship between Alcohol Policies and Criminal Violence and Victimization (March 2012). NBER Working Paper No. w17918. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2025305

Sara Markowitz (Contact Author)

Emory University ( email )

201 Dowman Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
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(212) 817-7968 (Phone)

Erik Nesson

Ball State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Muncie, IN 47306-0340
United States

Eileen Poe-Yamagata

IMPAQ International LLC ( email )

1325 G Street, NW
Suite 900
Washington, DC 20005
Honduras

Curtis Florence

Government of the United States of America - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control ( email )

1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30329-4027
United States

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics ( email )

695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021
United States

Tracy Andrews

IMPAQ International LLC ( email )

1325 G Street, NW
Suite 900
Washington, DC 20005
Honduras

Sarah Beth Barnett

Government of the United States of America - National Center for Injury Prevention and Control ( email )

1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30329-4027
United States

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