‘Habitat’ Suitability Index Mapping for Industrial Symbiosis Planning

13 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2012

See all articles by Paul Jensen

Paul Jensen

University of Surrey

Lauren Basson

The Green House

Emma E. Hellawell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Matthew Leach

University of Surrey

Date Written: February 2012

Abstract

By ‘working with the willing’, the National Industrial Symbiosis Programme (NISP) has successfully facilitated industrial symbiosis throughout the United Kingdom and, in the process, delivered significant economic and environmental benefits for both Programme members and the country as a whole. One of the keys to NISP's success is that, unlike failed attempts to plan and construct eco‐industrial systems from scratch, the Programme works largely with existing companies who have already settled in, developed, and successfully operate within a given locale. This article argues that existing and mature industrial systems provide the best prospects for identifying opportunities for, and ultimately facilitating, industrial symbiosis. Due to levels of diversification and operational fundamental niches that, in the fullness of time, develop within all industrial systems, industrially mature areas are deemed to be industrial symbiosis ‘conducive environments’. Building on the conservation biology concept of a habitat suitability index, the article presents a methodology for comparing a potential site for eco‐industrial development to a known baseline industrial ‘habitat’ already identified as being highly conducive to industrial symbiosis. The suitability index methodology is further developed and applied to a multi‐criteria evaluation geographic information system to produce a ‘habitat’ suitability map that allows practitioners to quickly identify potential industrial symbiosis hotspots (the methodology is illustrated for England). The article concludes by providing options for the development of symbiosis suitability indices and how they can be used to support the facilitation of industrial symbiosis and regional resource efficiency.

Keywords: eco‐industrial development, geographic information systems (GIS), industrial ecology, industrial ecosystem, South Humber Bank, utilities sharing

Suggested Citation

Jensen, Paul and Basson, Lauren and Hellawell, Emma E. and Leach, Matthew, ‘Habitat’ Suitability Index Mapping for Industrial Symbiosis Planning (February 2012). Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 38-50, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2025537 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00438.x

Paul Jensen

University of Surrey

Guildford
Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

Lauren Basson

The Green House

Cape Town
South Africa

Emma E. Hellawell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Matthew Leach

University of Surrey

Guildford
Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

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