25 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2012 Last revised: 3 Apr 2012
Date Written: March 18, 2012
The aim of this paper is to examine the environmental impacts of shale gas, conventional gas and coal on air, water, and land in the United States. These factors decisively affect the quality of life (public health and safety) as well as local and global environmental protection. Comparing various lifecycle assessments, this paper will suggest that a shift from coal to shale gas would benefit public health, the safety of workers, local environmental protection, water consumption, and the land surface. Most likely, shale gas also comes with a smaller GHG footprint than coal. However, shale gas extraction can affect water safety. This paper also discusses related aspects that exemplify how shale gas can be more beneficial in the short and long term. First, there are technical solutions readily available to fix the most crucial problems of shale gas extraction, such as methane leakages and other geo-hazards. Second, shale gas is best equipped to smoothen the transition to an age of renewable energy. Finally, this paper will recommend tighter regulations.
Keywords: Shale gas, coal, lifecycle analysis, environmental protection, regulation
JEL Classification: O13, Q4, Q53, Q54, L95
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Jenner, Steffen and Lamadrid, Alberto J, Shale Gas vs. Coal (March 18, 2012). USAEE Working Paper No. 2025627. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2025627 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2025627
By Susan Sakmar