Dynamic Risk, Accounting-Based Valuation and Firm Fundamentals

38 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2012  

Matthew R. Lyle

Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management

Jeffrey L. Callen

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

Robert J. Elliott

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business; University of Alberta - Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2011

Abstract

This study extends the accounting-based valuation framework of Ohlson (1995) and Feltham and Ohlson (1999) to incorporate dynamic expectations about the level of systematic risk in the economy. Our model explains recent empirical findings documenting a strong negative association between changes in economy-wide risk and future stock returns. Importantly, the model also generates costs of capital that are solely a linear function of accounting variables and other firm fundamentals including the book-to-market ratio, the earnings-to-price ratio, the forward earnings-to-price ratio, size and the dividend yield. This result provides a theoretical rationale for the inclusion of these popular variables in cost of capital (expected return) computations by the accounting and finance literatures and obviates the need to estimate costs of capital from unobservable (future) covariances. The model also generates an accounting return decomposition in the spirit of Vuolteenaho (2002). Empirically, we find that costs of capital generated by our model are significantly associated with future returns both in and out of sample in contrast to standard benchmark models. We further obtain significantly lower valuation errors in out-of-sample tests than traditional models that ignore dynamic risk expectations.

Keywords: Stock valuation, expected risk, cost of capital, expected returns, implied risk, Ohlson model

JEL Classification: G12, M41

Suggested Citation

Lyle, Matthew R. and Callen, Jeffrey L. and Elliott, Robert J., Dynamic Risk, Accounting-Based Valuation and Firm Fundamentals (December 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2025959 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2025959

Matthew R. Lyle (Contact Author)

Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Jeffrey L. Callen

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management ( email )

105 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6
Canada
416-946-5641 (Phone)
416-971-3048 (Fax)

Robert James Elliott

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business ( email )

2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

University of Alberta - Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1
Canada
403-492-5811 (Phone)
403-492-6826 (Fax)

Paper statistics

Downloads
214
Rank
43,189
Abstract Views
1,301