Social Insurance and Children: The Relationship between Social Security, Economic Well-Being, and Family Context among Child Recipients
Journal of Children and Poverty, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 1-22, 2012
Posted: 31 Mar 2012
Date Written: 2012
The relationship between social insurance, which provides families protection against certain risks, and child economic security is understudied. Using the 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to Social Security Administration benefit records, this article investigates the economic welfare effects of the child component of the US Social Security program. We examine how the poverty rate of child beneficiaries would change, absent Social Security income, and how heavily the family incomes of these children rely on it, by family characteristics. Our findings reveal that Social Security plays an important role in mitigating economic insecurity among children deprived of a wage-earning parent through disability, death, or retirement. Family structure, earnings, and employment status are identified as key factors moderating the effect of Social Security on child recipients’ financial circumstance.
Keywords: Social Security, child benefits, income support programs, family
JEL Classification: J00, I3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation