Forced and Coerced Sterilization of Women in Europe

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Vol. 114, pp. 163-166, 2011

4 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2012

See all articles by Christina Zampas

Christina Zampas

University of Toronto - International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program

Adriana Lamačkova

Center for Reproductive Rights

Date Written: March 23, 2012

Abstract

Human rights provisions in laws set by international treaties and national legislatures make individuals’ informed and freely given consent a precondition to the legality of their sterilization. Nevertheless, evidence shows that sterilizations have been undertaken by forceful means or coerced acceptance, to which women do not genuinely consent. The women are often members of ethnic minorities in their countries, such as Roma women, or adolescent or disabled women. Some European governments have acknowledged their responsibility for human rights abuses by forced and coerced sterilization of vulnerable women, and committees established by international human rights treaties to monitor states’ compliance with their standards are increasingly vigilant to expose and condemn wrongful sterilization. For instance, the committee monitoring compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights provide guidance for the prevention of violations.

Keywords: Abusive sterilization, European sterilization abuses, forced sterilization, coerced sterilization, human rights, Roma women, sterilization, Europe

JEL Classification: I18, K32, K33

Suggested Citation

Zampas, Christina and Lamačkova, Adriana, Forced and Coerced Sterilization of Women in Europe (March 23, 2012). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Vol. 114, pp. 163-166, 2011 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2027937

Christina Zampas (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - International Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Program ( email )

Canada

Adriana Lamačkova

Center for Reproductive Rights ( email )

120 Wall Street
New York, NY 10005
United States

HOME PAGE: http://reproductiverights.org/

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