Surveying AIDS Incidents in Sudanese Universities
Issam A.W. Mohamed
Al-Neelain University - Department of Economics
March 23, 2012
AIDS incidences in Sudan are seldom researched with the continuous reductions in health care funds. The current share of health care in GDP is less than 2.5% which brings it in the rear of developing countries even in Sub Saharan Africa. Such deterioration has been going for the past two decades. Being in the heart of that epidemic stricken African continent it was inevitable that it would be affected. Moreover, civil strife that blows over for the past fifty years plus, the resulting displacements, poverty, hunger and famine increased factors that accelerates HIV and AIDS occurrences. However, reactions to signs that there is a true crisis were invisible or non-existent. Official data are non available or scarce. Knowledge and public campaigns are rare.
The current paper analyzes AIDS incidence in Sudanese universities, depending on field collected data and considering that without proper knowledge diffusion programs the disease can form into an epidemic within the young people and future of the country. Moreover, if knowledge of such disease is minimized then other society's strata are affected and the spread is more serious. Questionnaires were improvised and data were confidentially collected from students of six national and private universities. The collected data included 30 parameters that were used in the ensuing statistical analyses. The basic impediment is that sex as a taboo, difficult to speak about and the prime cause of transmission, it proved to be widely practiced in universities. Confidential responses on the defined parameters, included relations, modes of living conditions, collective usage of utensils, original hometowns, knowledge of HIV and AIDS, sharing condominiums, routine blood checks or transfusions and sex partners. The analyses reached conclusions that there are AIDS incidences in all universities which are increasing, knowledge exist but not enough and that material needs can be a motive for practicing unsafe sex because of the lack of knowledge transmission tool, e.g., condoms or rooming facilities. Moreover, universities do not provide counseling departments or facilities. That can be either to lack of knowledge or scientific horizon, negligence, ignorance or simply hiding behind social taboos. The paper recommends that the start should be by recognizing that there is HIV and AIDS problem and that students are behaving like human being, provide counseling and checking facilities, provide social and material help for the needy students and transmission prevention tools.
Note: Downloadable document is in Arabic.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 60
Keywords: Educational Institutions, Universities, Sudan, HIV, AIDS, Incidence, Prevalence, Statistical Analyses, Knowledge, Counseling, Live Conditions, Roomimg, Blood Transfusions, Blood Check, Economic Impacts
JEL Classification: H5, H50, H51, H52, H53, H54, N3, N37
Date posted: March 27, 2012 ; Last revised: April 20, 2012