Misogyny in Rap Music: A Content Analysis of Prevalence and Meanings
Men and Masculinities, Vol. 12, pp. 3-29, 2009
28 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2012
Date Written: March 23, 2012
Rap music has a reputation for being misogynistic, but surprisingly little research has systematically investigated this dimension of the music. This study assesses the portrayal of women in a representative sample of 403 rap songs. Content analysis identified five gender-related themes in this body of music — themes that contain messages regarding ‘‘essential’’ male and female characteristics and that espouse a set of conduct norms for men and women. Our analysis situates rap music within the context of larger cultural and music industry norms and the local, neighborhood conditions that inspired this music in the first place.
Keywords: rap music, sexuality, gender, mass media, hegemonic masculinity
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