The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

34 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Monica Beuran

World Bank

Mohamed Hadi Mahihenni

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Gaël Raballand

World Bank; Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

Salim Refas

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 1, 2012

Abstract

Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the crucial importance of private sector practices and incentives. The authors argue in the case of Sub-Saharan African countries that private operators, rather than being advocates of reforms in this area, might be responsible for the failures of many of these initiatives. It seems that in Sub-Saharan Africa importers' and freight forwarders' professionalism, cash constraints and operators'strategies are some of the factors that have a major impact on cargo dwell time. Low competency, cash constraints and low storage tariffs explain why most importers have little incentive to reduce cargo dwell time since in most cases, this would increase their input costs. However, monopolists/cartels may have a stronger incentive to reduce cargo dwell time but only in order to maximize their profit (and would not adjust prices downward).

Keywords: Markets and Market Access, Common Carriers Industry, Transport and Trade Logistics, Transport Economics Policy & Planning, Economic Theory & Research

Suggested Citation

Beuran, Monica and Mahihenni, Mohamed Hadi and Raballand, Gaël and Refas, Salim, The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA (March 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2029438

Monica Beuran (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Mohamed Hadi Mahihenni

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Gael Raballand

World Bank ( email )

701 18th street N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )

17, rue de la Sorbonne
Paris, IL 75005
France

Salim Refas

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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