Integrating Sustainability Reports into Financial Statements: An Experimental Study
44 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2012 Last revised: 11 Jan 2023
Date Written: June 11, 2012
In recent years, sustainability has increasingly attracted the attention of capital market participants. While event studies have established that stock prices react to news about environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance, further empirical evidence raises the question of whether market participants always rationally process ESG information included in a standalone sustainability report. In an experiment with investment professionals, this study investigates whether a disconnect between financial statements and sustainability reports leads to an anchoring effect in the assessment of ESG information. Results show that users of standalone sustainability reports fully adjust their valuations to the level of integrated (financial and sustainability) report users following information about bad ESG performance. However, none of the standalone reports users adjust their valuations following information about good ESG performance. Thus, financial statement users asymmetrically anchor on their financial value judgments when assessing ESG information provided in a standalone report.
Keywords: Sustainability, financial performance, ESG information, anchoring
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