The Chevron Two-Step in Georgia’s Administrative Law

65 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2012 Last revised: 4 Oct 2015

See all articles by David E. Shipley

David E. Shipley

University of Georgia School of Law

Date Written: March 1, 2012

Abstract

The Georgia Supreme Court and Court of Appeals have long accepted the General Assembly’s authority to enact legislation that establishes administrative agencies and empowers those agencies to promulgate rules and regulations to implement their enabling statutes. In addition, the Georgia Constitution provides that the General Assembly may authorize agencies to exercise quasi-judicial powers. Administrative agencies with broad powers enjoy a secure position under Georgia law.

Like federal and state administrative agencies throughout the nation, Georgia’s many boards, commissions and authorities make policy when they apply their governing statutes in promulgating regulations of general applicability, and in ruling on specific matters like granting or denying an application for a permit or determining the residency of a candidate for public office. Sometimes the governing statutes are clear, but sometimes there is ambiguity. When there is ambiguity in its governing statute, the agency must interpret that legislation when it promulgates regulations or decides a particular contested matter. This article asks and answers the question of what deference, if any, must a Georgia court afford to an agency’s interpretation of its governing statute when it reviews an agency’s decision in a contested case or considers a challenge to the validity or applicability of an agency’s regulation.

Keywords: Administrative Law, Chevron, U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., Georgia, Administrative Agencies, Governing Statute, Judicial Deference

JEL Classification: K19, K23

Suggested Citation

Shipley, David E., The Chevron Two-Step in Georgia’s Administrative Law (March 1, 2012). Georgia Law Review, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2012; UGA Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-4. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2031506

David E. Shipley (Contact Author)

University of Georgia School of Law ( email )

225 Herty Drive
Athens, GA 30602
United States

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