Active Inclusion of Immigrants in Poland

36 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2012

See all articles by Maciej Duszczyk

Maciej Duszczyk

University of Warsaw

Marek Góra

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH); IZA Institute of Labor Economics


Poland has traditionally been treated as an emigration country. Since recently Poland has been changing into an emigration-immigration country. The latter, namely immigration, was boosted by the European Union membership and by stable and strong growth of the country. In the last years, immigrants have started to play an important role in the Polish labour market, which creates an additional challenge for the institutional structure. At the same time the institutional framework for receiving immigrants, especially integration policy, has not been fully developed yet. It is addressed only to refugees and is provided mostly by NGOs who run various integration programmes (most often focused on providing language courses). Public expenditure on integration policies has recently increased. However, data on immigrants, integration in immigration policy and also its analysis are still scarce. In this paper we try to present and discuss the available information on immigration to Poland and instruments of integration policy in the context of the existing institutional framework. We propose also recommendations for the pre-integration and integration policy in Poland. The goal of the paper is modest since it is hardly possible to apply more sophisticated methods given the limited availability of information.

Keywords: immigrants, integration policy, active inclusion

JEL Classification: J61, J68, Y80

Suggested Citation

Duszczyk, Maciej and Góra, Marek, Active Inclusion of Immigrants in Poland. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6427, Available at SSRN: or

Maciej Duszczyk (Contact Author)

University of Warsaw ( email )

Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28
Warszawa, Pl-00681

Marek Góra

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) ( email )

aleja Niepodleglosci 162
PL-Warsaw, 02-554

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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